Ceben field spaniels

Rasstandarder då & nu / Breed standards old & new

Här nedan har jag samlat standarder från slutet av 1800-talet till nutid.
Sverige följer rasens hemlands rasstandard, dvs den brittiska, vilket alla länder som är med i FCI gör. USA däremot är inte med i FCI och har en egen standard. Där är ofta fielden tex storleksmässigt lite mindre, samt luftigare och kortare i kroppen till skillnad mot den europeiska tydligt rektangulära fielden.
Några fieldar av den europeiska typen nedan, notera tex längd-höjd-djup.
 

En av Storbritanniens vinstrikaste fieldar Ch Adam of Elmbury


Nittiotalets vinstrikaste svenska field Ch Pentwyn's Franz Josef


Tvåtusentalets vinstrikaste svenska field Ch Arishmell Arthur

Field spaniel standard Sverige 2010

”FCI-standard på engelska publicerad 2009-10-28
FCI-standard fastställd av FCI General Committee 2009-07-28
Översättning fastställd av SKKs Standardkommitté 2010-11-17 (…)

Standard för
FIELD SPANIEL

Ursprungsland/hemland
Storbritannien

Användningsområde
Stötande och apporterande fågelhund

FCI-klassifikation
Grupp 8, sektion 2, Med arbetsprov

Helhetsintryck
Field spaniel är en välbalanserad, ädel, välväxt jakthund, byggd för rörlighet och uthållighet.

Uppförande/karaktär
Field spaniel är idealisk för jakt under bössan eller som kamrat på landsbygden. I storstadsmiljö passar den inte. Rasen är ovanligt foglig, aktiv, sensibel och självständig.

Huvud
Huvudet skall ge intryck av kvalitet, karaktär och ädelhet. Det skall vara väl utmejslat.

Skallparti

Skalle
Nackknölen skall vara framträdande. Partiet under ögonen skall vara torrt och finmejslat så att huvudet inte ger ett grovt intryck.
Ögonbrynen skall vara lätt framträdande.

Stop
Stopet skall vara måttligt markerat.

Ansikte

Nostryffel
Nostryffeln skall vara väl utvecklad med stora, öppna näsborrar.

Nosparti
Nospartiet skall vara långt och torrt, varken snipigt eller tvärt avhugget. I profil skall det bilda en jämn båglinje från nosspets till strupe.

Käkar/tänder
Käkarna skall vara kraftiga med perfekt, regelbundet och komplett saxbett.

Ögon
Ögonen skall vara öppna men mandelformade med åtliggande ögonlockskanter, så att ingen bindhinna syns. Uttrycket skall vara allvarligt och vänligt. Färgen skall vara mörkt hasselnötsbrun.

Öron
Öronen skall vara måttligt långa och breda, lågt ansatta och väl behårade.

Hals
Halsen skall vara så lång, stark och muskulös att den möjliggör apportering av vilt utan onödig ansträngning.

Kropp
Rygg
Ryggen skall vara plan, stark och muskulös.

Ländparti
Ländpartiet skall vara plant, starkt och muskulöst.

Bröstkorg
Bröstkorgen skall vara djup och väl utvecklad med måttligt väl välvda revben. Bröstkorgens längd skall vara 2/3 av kroppslängden.

Svans
Svansen har tidigare traditionellt kuperats.
Kuperad svans: Svansen kuperas med en tredjedel. Den skall vara lågt ansatt och får aldrig bäras över rygglinjen. Svansen skall ha vacker fana. Svansrörelserna skall vara livliga.
Okuperad svans: Svansen skall vara lågt ansatt och får aldrig bäras över rygglinjen. Den skall ha vacker fana. Svansrörelserna skall vara livliga. Svansen skall vara måttligt lång och räcka ungefär till hasen. Den skall vara i balans med hunden i övrigt.

SVANSKUPERING ÄR FÖRBJUDEN I SVERIGE

Extremiteter

Framställ

Helhet
Frambenen skall vara måttligt långa med rak och flat benstomme.

Skulderblad
Skuldrorna skall vara långa, sluttande och väl tillbakalagda.

Framtassar
Framtassarna skall vara slutna och runda med kraftiga trampdynor. De skall inte vara för små.

Bakställ

Helhet
Bakstället skall vara starkt och muskulöst.

Knäled
Knälederna skall vara måttligt vinklade.

Has/hasled
Hasorna skall vara lågt ansatta.

Baktassar
Baktassarna skall vara slutna och runda med kraftiga trampdynor. De skall inte vara för små.

Rörelser
Steget skall vara långt, utan brådska, och med kraftigt påskjut från bakstället. Korta, stötiga rörelser är inte önskvärt.

Päls

Pälsstruktur
Pälsen skall vara lång och åtliggande, glansig och silkesaktig, aldrig lockig, kort eller sträv. Den skall vara tät och tålig mot väder och vind. Behänget skall vara rikligt på bröstet, kroppens undersida och på benens baksidor, men inte nedanför haslederna.

Färg
Svart, leverbrun, roan eller någon av dessa färger med tantecken. Hos enfärgade hundar är det tillåtet med vitt eller roan på bröstet. Rent vit och svart eller rent vit och leverbrunt är oacceptabelt.

Storlek/vikt

Mankhöjd
Cirka 46 cm

Vikt
18-25 kg

Fel
Varje avvikelse från standarden är fel och skall bedömas i förhållande till graden av avvikelse och dess påverkan på hundens hälsa och välbefinnande samt förmåga att utföra sitt traditionella arbete.

Diskvalificerande fel
• Aggressiv eller extremt skygg.
• Hund som tydligt visar fysiska eller beteendemässiga abnormiteter skall diskvalificeras.

Testiklar
Hos hanhundar måste båda testiklarna vara fullt utvecklade och normalt belägna i pungen.” (2012-10-20: http://www.skk.se/Global/Dokument/Rasstandarder/standard-field-spaniel-fci123.pdf?epslanguage=sv)

Sverige 1997

STANDARD FÖR FIELD SPANIEL

SKKs STANDARDKOMMITTÉ: 1997-09-02aaFCI STANDARD: 1997-05-06

URSPRUNGSLAND/HEMLAND
England
ANVÄNDNINGSOMRÅDE
Stötande och apporterande fågelhund
BAKGRUND/ÄNDAMÅL
Field spaniel var från början beteckningen på landspaniels, vilka man skilde från vattenspaniels. Flera av de engelska spanielraserna t ex både cocker och engelsk springer, har sitt ursprung i denna grupp landspaniels. Så också den moderna field spanieln, som går tillbaka till de större enfärgade hundarna inom gruppen. Rasens historia är växlande och typmässigt har field spaniel genomgått en utveckling där de exteriöra idealen har växlat högst betydligt. Under olika perioder har inkorsning skett av sussex spaniel, engelsk springer spaniel, irländsk vattenspaniel och basset hound. Numera är typen enhetligare och man efterstävar en medellång, kraftig och robust hund.
HELHETSINTRYCK
Field spaniel är en välbalanserad, ädel, välväxt jakthund, byggd för rörlighet och uthållighet.
UPPFÖRANDE OCH KARAKTÄR
Field spaniel är idealisk för jakt under bössan eller som kamrat på landsbygden. I storstadsmiljö passar den inte. Rasen är ovanligt foglig, aktiv, sensibel och självständig.
HUVUD
Huvudet skall ge intryck av god klass, karaktär och ädelhet. Det skall vara väl utmejslat.
Skallparti: Nackknölen skall vara framträdande. Partiet under ögonen skall vara torrt och finmejslat så att huvudet inte ger ett grovt intryck. Ögonbrynen skall vara lätt framträdande.
Stop: Stopet skall vara måttligt markerat.
Nostryffel: Nostryffeln skall vara väl utvecklad med stora, öppna näsborrar.
Nosparti: Nospartiet skall vara långt och torrt, varken snipigt eller tvärt avhugget. I profil skall det bilda en jämn båglinje från nosspets till strupe.
Käkar/tänder: Käkarna skall vara kraftiga med perfekt, regelbundet och komplett saxbett.
Ögon: Ögonen skall vara öppna men mandelformade och med åtliggande ögonlockskanter så att ingen bindhinna syns. Uttrycket skall vara allvarligt och vänligt. Färgen skall vara mörkt hasselnötsbrun.
Öron: Öronen skall vara måttligt långa och breda, lågt ansatta och väl behårade.
HALS
Halsen skall vara så lång, stark och muskulös att den möjliggör apportering av vilt utan onödig ansträngning.
KROPP
Rygg: Ryggen skall vara plan, stark och muskulös.
Ländparti: Ländpartiet skall vara plant, starkt och muskulöst.
Bröstkorg: Bröstkorgen skall vara djup och väl utvecklad med måttligt väl välvda revben. Bröstkorgens längd skall vara 2/3 av kroppslängden.
Svans: Svansen skall vara lågt ansatt och får aldrig bäras över rygglinjen. Den skall ha vacker fana och livliga rörelser. Den kuperas vanligtvis med 1/3.
FRÅN OCH MED 1 JANUARI 1989 ÄR SVANSKUPERING FÖRBJUDEN I SVERIGE.
EXTREMITETER
FRAMSTÄLL: Frambenen skall vara måttligt långa med rak och flat benstomme.
Skulderblad: Skuldrorna skall vara långa, sluttande och väl tillbakalagda.
Tassar: Tassarna skall vara slutna, runda med kraftiga trampdynor. Tassarna skall inte vara för små.
BAKSTÄLL: Bakstället skall vara starkt och muskulöst.
Knäled: Knäleden skall vara måttligt vinklad.
Has: Hasen skall vara lågt ansatt.
Tassar: Se framtassarna.
RÖRELSER
Steget skall vara långt, utan brådska och med kraftigt påskjut från bakstället. Korta, stötiga rörelser är inte önskvärt.
PÄLS
Pälsen skall vara lång och åtliggande, glansig och silkesaktig, aldrig lockig, kort eller sträv. Den skall vara tät och tålig mot väder och vind. Behänget skall vara rikligt på bröstet, kroppens undersida och på benens baksidor, men inte nedanför haslederna.
Färg: Svart, leverbrun, roan eller någon av dessa färger med tan-tecken. Hos enfärgade hundar är det tillåtet med vitt eller roan på bröstet.
STORLEK / VIKT
Mankhöjd: Ca 46 cm
Vikt: Mellan 18 - 25 kg.
FEL
Varje avvikelse från standarden är fel och skall bedömas i förhållande till graden av avvikelsen.
ALLVARLIGA FEL
Rent svart/vit eller leverbrun/vit färg.
TESTIKLAR
Hos hanhunden måste båda testiklarna vara fullt utvecklade och normalt belägna i pungen.

Sverige 1980

"RASBESKRIVNING FÖR FIELD SPANIEL

Hemland: England
Helhetsintryck: Field spanieln är en proportionerlig, ädel och framstående jakthund, byggd för uthålligt arbete. Den är en kombination av skönhet, användbarhet och ovanlig läraktighet.
Huvud: Field spanielns huvud ska vara lika karakteristiskt som bulldoggens eller blodhundens. Dess starka prägel och uttryck ska direkt ge intryck av god avel, egenart och ädelhet. Skallen ska vara väl utvecklad med tydligt framträdande nackknöl, vilket ger huvudet dess speciella prägel. Nospartiet ska vara långt och torrt, det får varken vara brett, snipigt eller verka tvärt avhugget. I profil ska det visa en jämn båglinje från nosspets till hals. Partiet nedanför ögonen ska vara väl utmejslat, om det är bulligt verkar hela huvudet grovt. Det mycket långa nospartiet ger rikt utrymme för utveckling av luktorganet och tillförsäkrar sålunda field spanieln bästa tänkbara ’näsa’ Nosspegeln ska vara välutvecklad med öppna näsborrar.
Ögon: Ögonen får varken vara för stora eller för små, insjunkna eller utstående. Färgen ska harmoniera med pälsfärgen, utom hos leverfärgade hundar där ögonen får vara ljust hasselnötsfärgade. Ögonen ska ha ett allvarligt, intelligent och troget uttryck. Bindhinnan får inte synas.
Öron: Öronen ska vara måttligt långa och breda lågt ansatta och tillräckligt beklädda med hår liknande setterns. Öronen ska falla i mjuka veck med nederdelen rullad inåt och bakåt.
Bett: Saxbett … med starka käkar och perfekt jämnt och komplett bett.

Hals: Halsen ska vara så lång, stark och muskulös att den möjliggör apportering av vilt utan onödig ansträngning.
Bål: Kroppen ska vara medellång med rejäl bröstkorg, rak eller lätt välvd rygg, aldrig slapp. Bröstkorgen ska vara djup och välutvecklad, men inte alltför rund och bred. Rygg och ländparti ska vara starka och muskulösa.
Extremiteter: Skuldrorna ska vara långa, sluttande och väl tillbakalagda för att ge förutsättningar för stor rörelseförmåga och snabbhet. Frambenen ska vara tämligen långa med rak, torr och slät benstomme, vackert försedda med fanor. Överdrivet kraftig benstomme är inte önskvärt. Bakbenen ska vara kraftiga och muskulösa. Knälederna ska vara måttligt vinklade och varken inåt- eller utåtvridna.
Tassar: Tassarna ska vara runda med starka trampdynor och klor, mjukt hår mellan tårna. Tassarna får inte vara för små.
Svans: Svansen ska vara väl ansatt och bäras lågt, om möjligt under rygglinjen. Den ska föras horisontellt eller något nedåt, aldrig lyft över ryggen. Då hunden är i arbete ska svansen alltid föras lågt. Den ska ha vacker fana av silkesaktigt hår.
Hårrem: Pälsen ska vara slät eller vågig, aldrig lockig. Den ska vara tillräckligt tjock för att motstå kyla och väta och får inte vara för kort. Den ska vara silkesaktig, glansig och fin, inte grov, krullig eller stripig. På bröst, buk och på benens baksidor ska finnas tillräckligt behäng av samma typ som setterns. Det får inte vara för rikligt, speciellt på hasorna.
Färg: Enfärgad svart, leverbrun, gulbrun, mahognyröd eller roan (färgen uppblandad med vitt), eller någon av dessa färger med tan-tecken över ögon, på kinder, mellanhand och mellanfot och tassar. Andra färger, såsom svart och vit, leverbrun och vit, röd och vit o s v är, om inte diskvalificerande, ett fel.
Mankhöjd: Mankhöjd c:a 46 cm.
Alla avvikelser från ovanstående ska betraktas som fel och bedömas i exakt proportion till felets grad.
KOMMENTAR TILL RASBESKRIVNING FÖR FIELD SPANIEL Varje avvikelse från rasbeskrivningen är fel och ska bedömas i förhållande till hundens övriga förtjänster, helhetsintryck och konstitution. Avvikelser otypiska för rasen och abnormiteter är diskvalificerande. I övrigt se utställningsbestämmelserna."
(SVENSKA KENNELKLUBBEN 1980-02-25)

Great Britain 2007

“Breed Standard
Last updated September 2007 (…)


A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website here http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/breeds/watch for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.

General Appearance
Well balanced, noble, upstanding sporting Spaniel built for activity and endurance.

Characteristics
Ideal for rough shooting or companion for the country dweller. Not suitable for city.

Temperament
Unusually docile, active, sensitive, independent.

Head and Skull
Conveys the impression of high breeding, character and nobility. Well chiselled, occiput well defined, lean beneath eyes. A thickness here gives coarseness to whole head. Slightly raised eyebrows. Moderate stop. Nose well developed with good open nostrils. Muzzle long and lean neither snipy nor squarely cut. In profile curving gradually from nose to throat.

Eyes
Wide open but almond-shaped with tight lids showing no haw. Grave and gentle in expression. Dark hazel in colour.

Ears
Moderately long and wide, set low and well feathered.

Mouth
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Neck
Long, strong and muscular enabling dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.

Forequarters
Shoulders long and sloping and well laid back. Legs of moderate length. Straight, flat bone.

Body
Chest deep and well developed. Ribs moderately well sprung. Length of rib cage is 2two-thirds of the body length. Back and loin strong, level and muscular.

Hindquarters
Strong, muscular; stifles moderately bent. Hocks well let down.

Feet
Tight, round with strong pads and not too small.

Tail
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Docked by one third. Set on low. Never carried above level of back. Nicely feathered, with lively action.
Undocked: Set low. Never carried above level of back. Nicely feathered with lively action. Reaches approximately to the hocks. Of moderate length in balance with the rest of the dog.

Gait/Movement
Long, unhurried stride with great drive from the rear. Short, stumping action undesirable.

Coat
Long, flat, glossy and silky in texture. Never curly, short or wiry. Dense and weatherproof. Abundant feathering on chest, under body and behind legs, but clean from hock to ground.

Colour
Black, liver or roan. Any one of these with tan markings. In self-coloured dogs white or roan on chest permissable. Clear black/white or liver/white unacceptable.

Size
Height: approximately 46 cms (18 ins) at the shoulders. Weight: between 18-25 kgs (40-55 lbs).

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.” (2012-10-20: http://www.the-kennel-club.org.uk/services/public/breed/standard.aspx?id=2054)

Great Britain 1999

"THE FIELD SPANIEL BREED STANDARD ...

General Appearance That of a well-balanced, noble, upstanding sporting dog; built for activity and endurance; a combination of beauty and utility and unusual docility.
Characteristics
Ideal dog for rough shooting or as a companion for the country dweller. Not suitable for the city.
Temperament
Of unusual docility, active, sensitive but of an independent nature.
Head and Skull
Should convey the impression of high breeding, character and nobility. Well chiselled, occiput well defined, lean beneath the eyes. A thickness here gives coarseness to the whole head. Slightly raised eyebrows. Moderate stop. Muzzle long and lean neither snipey nor squarely cut. In profile curving gradually from nose to throat. Nose well developed with good open nostrils.
Eyes
Wide open but almond shaped with tight lids showing no haw. Grave and gentle in expression. Dark hazel in colour.
Ears
Moderately long and wide, set low and well feathered.
Mouth
Full definition of Scissor bite.
Neck Long, strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without due fatigue.
Forequarters
Shoulders long and sloping and well laid back. Legs of moderate length. Straight flat bone.
Body
Chest deep and well developed. Ribs moderately well sprung. Length of ribcage is 2/3 of the body length. Back and loin strong, level and muscular.
Hindquarters
Strong, muscular and stifles moderately bent. Hocks well let down.
Feet
Tight, round with strong pads and not too small.
Gait
Long, unhurried stride with great drive from the rear. Short stumpy action to be discouraged.
Tail
Set in low and never carried above the level of the back. Nicely feathered, with lively action. Customarily docked by a 1/3.
Coat
Long, flat, glossy and silky in texture. Never curly, short or wiry. Dense and watherproof. Abundant feathering on chest, under body and behind, but clean from hock to ground.
Colour
Black, liver or roan. Any of these with tan markings. In self-coloured dogs white or roan on chest permissible. Clear black/white or liver/white unacceptable.
Size
Approx. 18" at the shoulders. Weight between 40-55 Lbs."

(The Field Spaniel Society Year Book 1999)

Great Britain 1984

"The Standard of the Field Spaniel

GENERAL APPEARANCE That of a well-balanced, noble, upstanding sporting dog; built for activity and endurance. A combination of beauty and docility and unusual docility.
HEAD AND SKULL The head should be as characteristic as is that of the Bulldog or the Bloodhound; its very stamp and countenance should at once convey the impression of high breeding, character and nobility; skull well developed with a distinct occipital protuberance which gives the character alluded to; not too fine across the muzzle, long and lean, neither snipy nor squarely cut, and in profile curving gradually from nose to throat; lean beneath the eyes, a thickness here gives coarseness to the whole head. The great length of muzzle gives surface for the free development of the olfactory nerve and thus secures the highest possible scenting powers. Nose well developed with good open nostrils.
EYES Not too full, but not small, receeding or overhung. The colour in all cases to match the coat colour and markings except in livers which may be a light hazel. Grave in expression suggesting docility and intelligence and showing no haw.EARS Moderately long and wide, sufficiently clad with nice Setter-like feather and set low. They should fall in graceful folds, the lower parts curling inwards and backwards.
MOUTH*** The Jaws should be strong, with a perfect regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to he jaws.
NECK Long, strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.
FOREQUARTERS The Shoulders should be long and sloping and well set back, thus giving great activity and speed. The forelegs should be of fairly good length with straight clean flat bone and nicely feathered. Immense bone is not desirable.
BODY Should be of moderate length, well ribbed up to a good strong loin, straight or slightly arched, never slack. The chest deep and well developed but not too round and wide. Back and loins very strong and muscular.
HINDQUARTERS Strong and muscular. The Stifles should be moderately bent and not twisted either in or out.
FEET Not too small; round with short soft hair between the toes; good strong pads.
TAIL Well set on and carried low, if possible below the level of the back, in a straight line or with a slight downward inclination, never elevated above the back and in action always kept low, nicely fringed with wavy feather of silky texture.
COAT Flat or slightly waved and never curled. Sufficiently dense to resist the weather and not too short. Silky in texture, glossy and refined without duffleness, curliness or wireness. On the chest under the belly and behind the legs there should be abundant feather. but never too much, especially below the hocks, and that -of the right sort, viz. Setter-like.
COLOUR The Field Spaniel should be a self-coloured dog, viz: Black, Liver, Golden Liver, Mahogany red, Roan, Or any one of these colours with tan over the eyes, on the cheeks, feet and pasterns. Other colours such as Black and White, Liver and White, Red or Orange and white, while not debarring a dog, is a fault.
WEIGHT & SIZE From about 35 to 50lbs. Height about 18ins. at the shoulder.
FAULTS Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault is regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
NOTE: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
THE FIELD SPANIEL SOCIETY DOES NOT ACCEPT THE KENNEL CLUBS SECTION *** AND PREFERS MOUTH Level and strong – neither overshot nor undershot. Scissor bite preferred."
(The Field Spaniel Society Year Book 1984)

Great Britain 1977

"THE MODERN STANDARD OF THE FIELD SPANIEL

GENERAL APPEARANCE That of a well-balanced, noble, upstanding sporting dog; built for activity and endurance. a combination of beauty and docility and unusual docility.
HEAD AND SKULL The head should be as characteristic as is that of the Bulldog or the Bloodhound; its very stamp and countenance should at once convey the impression of high breeding, character and nobility; skull well developed with a distinct occipital protuberance which gives the character alluded to; not too wide across the muzzle, long and lean, neither snipy nor squarely cut, and in profile curving gradually from nose to throat; lean beneath the eyes, a thickness here gives coarseness to the whole head. The great length of muzzle gives surface for the free development of the olfactory nerve and thus secures the highest possible scenting powers. Nose well developed with good open nostrils.
EYES Not too full, but not small, receding or overhung, colour dark hazel or brown or nearly black, according to the colour of the dog. Grave in expression and showing no haw.
EARS Moderately long and wide, sufficiently clad with nice Setter-like feather and set low. They should fall in graceful folds, the lower parts curling inwards and backwards.
MOUTH Level and strong - neither overshot nor undershot.
NECK Long strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.
FOREQUARTERS The shoulders should be long and sloping and well set back, thus giving great activity and speed. The forelegs should be of fairly good length with straight clean flat bone and nicely feathered. Immense bone is not desirable.
BODY Should be of moderate length, well ribbed up to a good strong loin, straight or slightly arched, never slack. The chest deep and well developed but not too round and wide. Back and loins very strong and muscular.
HINDQUARTERS Strong and muscular. The Stifles should be moderately bent and not twisted either in or out.
FEET Not too small; round with short soft hair between the toes; good sttrong pads.
TAIL Well set on and carried low, if possible below the level of the back, in a straight line or with a slight downward inclination, never elevated above the back and in action always kept low, nicely fringed with wavy feather of silky texture.
COAT Flat or slightly waved and never curled. Sufficiently dense to resist the weather and not too short. Silky in texture, glossy and refined without duffelness, curliness or wireness. On the chest, under the belly and behind the legs there should be abundant feather, but never too much, especially below the hocks, and that of the right sort, viz: setter-like.
COLOUR The Field Spaniel should be a self-coloured dog, viz: Black, Liver, Golden Liver, Mahogany red, Roan, Or any one of these colours with tan over the eyes, on the cheeks, feet and pasterns. Other colours such as Black and White, Liver and White, Red or Orange and white, while not debarring a dog, is a fault.
WEIGHT AND SIZE From about 35 to 50 lbs. Height about 18 inches at the shoulder."
(Hall Jones R 1977: Head to Tail Handbook of Field Spaniels)

Great Briatain ca 1900

"THE SPANIEL CLUB'S STANDARD OF POINTS OF THE BLACK FIELD SPANIEL C. 1900

HEAD Should be quite characteristic of this grand sporting dog, as is that of the bloodhound or bull-dog; its very stamp and countenance should at once convey the conviction of high breeding, character, and nobility. Skull well developed, with a distinctly elevated occipital tuberosity, which, above all, gives the characted alluded to; not too wide across muzzle, long and lean, never snipey nor squarely cut, and, in profile, curving gradually from nose to throat; lean beneath the eyes, a thickness here gives coarseness to the whole head. The great length of muzzle gives surface for the free development of the olfactory nerve, and thus secures the highest possible scenting powers.
EYES Not too full, but not small, receding or overhung; colour dark hazel, or dark brown or nearly black; grave in expression and bespeaking unusual docility and instinct.
EARS Set low down as possible, which greatly adds to the refinement and beauty of the whole head; moderately long and wide, and sufficiently clad with nice setter-like feather.
NECK Very strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue; not too short however.
BODY (including size and symmetry) Long and very low, well ribbed up to a good strong loin, straight or slightly arched, never slack; weight from about 35 to 45 lbs.
NOSE Well developed with good open nostrils, and always black in colour.
SHOULDERS AND CHEST Former sloping and free, latter deep and well developed, but not too round and wide.
BACK AND LOIN Very strong and muscular. level, and long in proportion to the height of the dog.
HINDQUARTERS Very powerful and muscular, wide and fully developed.
STERN Well set on, and carried low, if possible, below the level of the back, in a perfectly straight line, or with a slight downward inclination; never elevated above the back, and in action always kept low; nicely fringed with wavy feather of silky texture.
FEET AND LEGS Feet not too small, and well protected between the toes with soft feather; good strong pads. Legs straight and immensely boned, strong and short, and nicely feathered with flat or waved setter-like feather. over much feathering below hocks objectionable.
COAT Flat or slightly waved, and never curled, sufficiently dense to resist the weather, and not too short, silky in texture, glossy and refined in nature, with neither duffelness on the one hand, nor curl or wireness on the other; on chest, under belly, and behind the legs there should be abundant feather, but never too much, and that of the right sort - namely, setter-like. The tail and hindquarters should be similarly adorned.
COLOUR. Jet black throughout, glossy and true. A little white on chest, though a drawback, not a disqualification.
GENERAL APPEARANCE. That of a sporting dog, capable of learning and doing anything possible for his inches and conformation. A grand combination of beauty and utility.
THE COLOURED FIELD SPANIEL - Standard differs as follows:-
EYES The colour in all cases to match the coat and markings, viz;-In black and tan, eyes hazel or brown. In liver and tan, eyes rather lighter than in black and tan, but of good rich tone. In livers, light hazel colour. Black, white and tan roans, similar to the black and tans.
NOSE Variable according to colour of coat and markings:- Black and Tan and Black and tan and white roans, nose black. Liver and tan, nose dark liver. Livers and Liver and tan roans, nose liver."
(Hall Jones R 1977: Head to Tail Handbook of Field Spaniels)

Great Britain 1878

"THE MODERN FIELD SPANIEL - STONEHENGE 1878

1.THE HEAD should be long, with a marked brow but still only gradually rising from the nose, and the occipital protuberance well defined. Nose long and broad, without any tendency to the snipe form. Eye expressive, soft, and gentle but not too full or watery.
2.THE EAR should be set on low down, lobular in shape, not overlong in the leather, or too heavily clothed with feather, which should always be wavy and free from ringlets.
3.THE NECK should be long enough to allow the nose to reach the ground easily, strong and arched, coming easily out of well-shaped shoulders.
4.CHEST, BACK, AND LOINS. The Chest should be deep, and with a good girth; back and loin full of muscle, and running well into one another, with wide couplings, and well-turned hind quarters.
5.THE LENGTH of the Spaniel should be rather more than twice his height at the shoulder.
6.THE LEGS must be full of bone and straight; elbows neither in nor out; quarters full of muscle, and stifles strong, but not very much bent.
7.THE FEET are round and cat-like, well clothed with hair between the toes, and the pads furnished with very thick horn.
8.THE COLOUR preferred is a brilliant black, but in the best strains of the dog an occasional liver or red puppy will appear.
9.THE COAT is flat slightly wavy, soft and silky; the legs are well fringed or feathered like the Setter as also are the ears; there must be no topknot or curl between the eyes, indicating a cross with the water spaniel.
10.THE TAIL which is always cropped short, must have a downward carriage, and should not be set on too high.
11.THE SYMMETRY of the spaniel is considerable, and any departure from it should be penalised accordingly."
(Hall Jones R 1977: Head to Tail Handbook of Field Spaniels)

USA 1998

"Breed Standard

General Appearance
The Field Spaniel is a combination of beauty and utility. It is a well balanced, substantial hunter-companion of medium size, built for activity and endurance in a heavy cover and water. It has a noble carriage; a proud but docile attitude; is sound and free moving. Symmetry, gait, attitude and purpose are more important than any one part.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Balance between these three components is essential. Size--Ideal height for mature adults at the withers is 18 inches for dogs and 17 inches for bitches. A one inch deviation either way is acceptable. Proportion--A well balanced dog, somewhat longer than tall. The ratio of length to height is approximately 7:6. (Length is measured on a level from the foremost point of the shoulder to the rearmost point of the buttocks.) Substance--Solidly built, with moderate bone, and firm smooth muscles.

Head
Conveys the impression of high breeding, character and nobility, and must be in proportion to the size of the dog. Expression--Grave, gentle and intelligent. Eyes--Almond in shape, open and of medium size; set moderately wide and deep. Color: dark hazel to dark brown. The lids are tight and show no haw; rims comparable to nose in color. Ears--Moderately long (reaching the end of the muzzle) and wide. Set on slightly below eye level: pendulous, hanging close to the head; rolled and well feathered. Leather is moderately heavy, supple, and rounded at the tip. Skull--The crown is slightly wider at the back than at the brow and lightly arched laterally; sides and cheeks are straight and clean. The occiput is distinct and rounded. Brows are slightly raised. The stop is moderate, but well defined by the brows. The face is chiselled beneath the eyes. Muzzle--Strong, long and lean, neither snipy nor squarely cut. The nasal bone is straight and slightly divergent from parallel, sloping downward toward the nose from the plane of the top skull. In profile, the lower plane curves gradually from the nose to the throat. Jaws are level. Nose--Large, flesh and well developed with open nostrils. Set on as an extension of the muzzle. Color: solid: light to dark brown or black as befits the color of the coat. Lips--Close fitting, clean, and sufficiently deep to cover the lower jaw without being pendulous. Bite--Scissors or level, with complete dentition. Scissors preferred.

Neck, Topline, Body
Neck--Long, strong, muscular, slightly arched, clean, and well set into shoulders. Topline--The neck slopes smoothly into the withers; the back is level, well muscled, firm and strong; the croup is short and gently rounded. Body--The prosternum is prominent and well fleshed. The depth of chest is roughly equal to the length of the front leg from elbow to ground. The rib cage is long and extending into a short loin. Ribs are oval, well sprung and curve gently into a firm loin. Loin--Short, strong, and deep, with little or no tuck up. Tail--Set on low, in line with the croup, just below the level of the back with a natural downward inclination. Docked tails preferred, natural tails are allowed. The tail whether docked or natural length should be in balance with the overall dog.

Forequarters
Shoulders blades are oblique and sloping. The upper arm is closed-set; elbows are directly below the withers, and turn neither in nor out. Bone is flat. Forelegs are straight and well boned to the feet. Pasterns are moderately sloping but strong. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet face forward and are large, rounded, and webbed, with strong, well arched relatively tight toes and thick pads.

Hindquarters
Strong and driving; stifles and hocks only moderately bent. Hocks well let down; pasterns relatively short, strong and parallel when viewed from the rear. Hips moderately broad and muscular; upper tigh broad and powerful; second thigh well muscled. Bone corresponds to that of the forelegs. No dewclaws.

Coat
Single; moderately long; flat or slightly wavy; silky; and glossy; dense and water-repellent. Moderate setter-like feathering adorns the chest, underbody, backs of the legs, buttocks, and may also be present on the second thigh and underside of the tail. Pasterns have clean outlines to the ground. There is short, soft hair between the toes. Overabundance of coat, or cottony texture, impractical for field work should be penalized. Trimming is limited to that which enhances the natural appearance of the dog. Amount of coat or absence of coat should not be faulted as much as structural faults.

Color
Black, liver, golden liver or shades thereof, in any intensity (dark or light); either self-colored or bi-colored. Bi-colored dogs must be roaned and/or ticked in white areas. Tan points are acceptable on the aforementioned colors and are the same as any normally tan pointed breed. White is allowed on the throat, chest, and/or brisket, and may be clear, ticked, or roaned on a self color dog.

Gait
The head is carried alertly, neither so high nor so low as to impede motion or stride. There is good forward reach that begins in the shoulder, coupled with strong drive from the rear, giving the characteristic effortless, long, low majestic stride. When viewed from front and/or rear elbows and hocks move parallel. The legs move straight, with slight converence at increased speed. When moving, the tail is carried inclined slightly downward or level with the back, and with a wagging motion. Tail carried above the back is incorrect. Side movement is straight and clean, without energy wasting motions. Over-reaching and single tracking are incorrect. The Field Spaniel should be show at its own natural speed in an endurance trot, preferably on a loose lead, in order to evaluate its movement.

Temperament
Unusually docile, sensitive, funloving, independent and intelligent, with a great affinity for human companionship. They may be somewhat reserved in initial meetings. Any display of shyness, fear, or agression is to be severely penalized.

Approved September 14, 1998
Effective October 30, 1998" (2012-10-20: http://www.akc.org/breeds/field_spaniel/index.cfm)

Kanada 2004

”Spaniel (Field)

General Appearance
That of a well-balanced, noble, upstanding sporting dog; built for activity and endurance. A grand combination of beauty and utility, and bespeaking of unusual docility and instinct.
Size
Height: About 18 inches (46 cm) to shoulder. Weight: From about 35-50 lb. (16-23 kg)
Coat and Colour
Coat flat or slightly waved, and never curled. Sufficiently dense to resist the weather, and not too short. Silky in texture, glossy, and refined in nature, with neither duffleness on the one hand, nor curl or wiriness on the other. On the chest, under belly and behind the legs, there should be abundant feather, but never too much, especially below the hocks, and that of the right sort, viz setter-like. The hindquarters should be similarly adorned.
Colour black, liver, golden liver, mahogany red, or roan; or any one of these colours with tan over the eyes and on the cheeks, feet, and pasterns. Other colours, such as black and white, liver and white, red or orange and white, while not disqualifying, will be considered less desirable since the Field Spaniel should be clearly distinguished from the Springer Spaniel.
Head
Should be quite characteristic of this grand sporting dog, as that of the Bulldog, or the Bloodhound; its very stamp and countenance should at once convey the conviction of high breeding, character and nobility; skull well developed, with a distinctly elevated occipital tuberosity which, above all, gives the character alluded to; not too wide across the muzzle, long and lean, never snipey or squarely cut, and in profile curving gradually from nose to throat; lean beneath the eyes - a thickness here gives coarseness to the whole head. The great length of muzzle gives surface for the free development of the olfactory nerve, and thus secures the highest possible scenting powers. Nose well developed, with good open nostrils. Eyes not too full, but not small, receding or overhung, colour dark hazel or brown, or nearly black, according to the colour of the dog. Grave in expression and showing
GROUP I SPORTING DOGS I-27
Canadian Kennel Club Official Breed Standards

I-27.1 GROUP I SPORTING DOGS SPANIEL (Field)
no haw. Ears moderately long and wide, sufficiently clad with nice Setter-like feather and set low. They should fall in graceful folds, the lower parts curling inwards and backwards.
Neck
Long, strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.
Forequarters
Shoulders long, sloping and well set back, thus giving great activity and speed. Forelegs should be of fairly good length, with straight, clean, flat bone, and nicely feathered. Immense bone is no longer desirable.
Body
Should be of moderate length, well ribbed up to a good strong loin, straight or slightly arched, never slack. Chest deep and well developed, but not too round and wide. Back and loin very strong and muscular.
Hindquarters
Strong and muscular. The stifles should be moderately bent, and not twisted either in or out. Feet not too small; round, with short soft hair between the toes; good, strong pads.
Tail
Well set on and carried low, if possible below the level of the back, in a straight line or with a slight downward inclination, never elevated above the back, and in action always kept low, nicely fringed with wavy feather of silky texture.
January 2004

SPANIEL (Field) GROUP I SPORTING DOGS I-27.2
Scale of Points
Head and jaw........................................................................... 15 Eyes............................................................................................ 5 Ears............................................................................................ 5 Neck .......................................................................................... 5 Body......................................................................................... 10 Forelegs.................................................................................... 10 Hind legs ................................................................................. 10 Feet .......................................................................................... 10 Stern ........................................................................................ 10 Coat and feather...................................................................... 10 General appearance................................................................. 10
Total 100
Canadian Kennel Club Official Breed Standards

I-27.3 GROUP I SPORTING DOGS SPANIEL (Field)
January 2004” (20180101: https://www.ckc.ca/CanadianKennelClub/media/Breed-Standards/Group%201/Spaniel-Field.pdf)

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